Choosing the Right Septic System for Your Property: A Guide

Introduction to Septic Systems:

Septic systems are used by many homeowners who live in areas without access to public sewerage. A septic system is a self-contained wastewater treatment and disposal system that uses natural processes to treat the wastewater generated from homes or businesses. The septic tank, which is usually made of concrete or plastic, collects all the wastewater from your property and separates it into three layers – scum (fats and oils), liquid (wastewater) and sludge (solids).

Choosing the Right Septic System for Your Property:

When choosing a septic system for your property, there are several factors you need to consider such as soil type, water table depth, site drainage, and the amount of wastewater generated daily. You should also think about future expansion plans if you have any. There are different types of septic systems available including conventional gravity systems, pressure distribution systems, mound systems, sand filter systems, and aerobic treatment units. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages depending on your specific needs. It’s essential to consult with an experienced professional before making a decision.

Maintaining a Healthy Septic System:

Regular maintenance is crucial to keep your septic system functioning properly. This includes having it pumped out every two years, avoiding flushing non-biodegradable items down the drains, using low-flow fixtures, and not overloading the system with too much water at once. By maintaining your septic system correctly, you can prevent costly repairs and extend its lifespan.

Signs of a Failing Septic System and What to Do:

If your septic system fails, it can cause significant damage to your property and pose health risks to your family members. Some signs of a failing septic system include slow-draining sinks and toilets, foul odors coming from the septic area, wet spots appearing near the leach field, and sewage backup in the basement. If you notice these symptoms, contact a licensed septic contractor immediately to assess the situation and provide necessary repairs or replacement.


Investing in a septic system requires careful consideration and planning. Choose the right system based on your property’s unique characteristics, maintain it regularly, and address issues promptly to ensure long-term functionality and efficiency.

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